Coverart for item
The Resource Electronic characterisation of earth-abundant sulphides for solar photovoltaics, Thomas James Whittles

Electronic characterisation of earth-abundant sulphides for solar photovoltaics, Thomas James Whittles

Label
Electronic characterisation of earth-abundant sulphides for solar photovoltaics
Title
Electronic characterisation of earth-abundant sulphides for solar photovoltaics
Statement of responsibility
Thomas James Whittles
Creator
Author
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This book examines the electronic structure of earth-abundant and environmentally friendly materials for use as absorber layers within photovoltaic cells. The corroboration between high-quality photoemission measurements and density of states calculations yields valuable insights into why these materials have demonstrated poor device efficiencies in the vast literature cited. The book shows how the materials' underlying electronic structures affect their properties, and how the band positions make them unsuitable for use with established solar cell technologies. After explaining these poor efficiencies, the book offers alternative window layer materials to improve the use of these absorbers. The power of photoemission and interpretation of the data in terms of factors generally overlooked in the literature, such as the materials' oxidation and phase impurity, is demonstrated. Representing a unique reference guide, the book will be of considerable interest and value to members of the photoemission community engaged in solar cell research, and to a wider materials science audience as well
Member of
Cataloging source
YDX
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Whittles, Thomas James
Dewey number
621.31/244
Index
no index present
LC call number
TK8322
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • theses
Series statement
Springer theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Photovoltaic cells
  • Photovoltaic power generation
  • Solar cells
  • Materials science
Label
Electronic characterisation of earth-abundant sulphides for solar photovoltaics, Thomas James Whittles
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Doctoral thesis accepted by the University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Intro; Supervisor's Foreword; Abstract; Publications and Presentations; Work Done in Conjunction with Others; Acknowledgements; Contents; Abbreviations; Symbols; 1 Introduction; 1.1 Energy; 1.1.1 The Problem; 1.1.2 The Solutions; 1.1.3 The Case for Solar Energy; 1.2 Solar Photovoltaics; 1.2.1 Semiconductor Theory; 1.2.2 Photovoltaic Devices; 1.3 A Brief History of Solar Cells; 1.3.1 0th Generation: The Early Years; 1.3.2 1st Generation: Wafer-Based PV; 1.3.3 2nd Generation: Commercial Thin-Film; 1.3.4 3rd Generation: Everything Else, Dependent upon Research Interests
  • 1.4 Earth-Abundant Thin-Film Solar Cells1.4.1 Why Sulphides?; 1.4.2 Cu-Based Earth-Abundant Post-transition Metal Sulphides; 1.5 Efficiency: The Quintessential Goal of Solar Cell Research?; 1.5.1 Standards; 1.5.2 Record Efficiencies; 1.5.3 A Few Words on Deployment; 1.6 Characterisation of Solar Cells; 1.6.1 Usual Techniques; 1.6.2 The Importance of Electronic Characterisation; 1.7 Overview of the Thesis; 1.7.1 Structure; 1.7.2 Aims; References; 2 Experimental Methods; 2.1 Material Growth Methods; 2.1.1 Single Crystal Growth Methods; 2.1.2 Thin-Film Growth Methods; 2.2 Ultrahigh Vacuum
  • 2.2.1 The Necessity for Vacuum2.2.2 Achieving UHV; 2.2.3 A 3-Chamber Surface Science System; 2.2.4 A Single-Chamber Electronic Characterisation System; 2.3 Photoemission Spectroscopy; 2.3.1 Principles and Theory; 2.3.2 Operation and Implementation; 2.3.3 Spectrometer Calibrations; 2.3.4 Spectral Analysis; 2.4 Density Functional Theory; 2.4.1 Introduction; 2.4.2 Implementation; 2.5 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy; 2.5.1 Principles and Theory; 2.5.2 Operation and Implementation; 2.6 X-Ray Diffraction; 2.6.1 Principles and Theory; 2.6.2 Operation and Implementation
  • 2.7 Raman Spectroscopy2.7.1 Principles and Theory; 2.7.2 Operation and Implementation; 2.8 Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy; 2.9 Summary; References; 3 The Electronic Structure of CuSbS2 for Use as a PV Absorber; 3.1 CuSbS2: The Material; 3.1.1 History; 3.1.2 CuSbS2 as a Solar Absorber; 3.1.3 Structure; 3.1.4 Motivation and Scope of This Study; 3.2 Experimental Details; 3.2.1 Growth of CuSbS2 Films; 3.2.2 Characterisation of CuSbS2 Films; 3.3 Electronic Structure Studies of High-Quality CuSbS2 Films; 3.3.1 Phase-Purity; 3.3.2 XPS Core-Level Analysis; 3.3.3 Natural Band Alignments
  • 3.3.4 Density of States Analysis3.4 Further Effects of Contamination and the Thermal Treatment of CuSbS2; 3.4.1 The Effects of Contamination; 3.4.2 The Effects of the Thermal Treatment; 3.5 Summary; References; 4 The Electronic Structure of Cu3BiS3 for Use as a PV Absorber; 4.1 Cu3BiS3: The Material; 4.1.1 History and Uses; 4.1.2 Cu3BiS3 as a Solar Absorber; 4.1.3 Structure; 4.1.4 Motivation and Scope of This Study; 4.2 Experimental Details; 4.2.1 Growth of Cu3BiS3 Films; 4.2.2 Characterisation of Cu3BiS3; 4.3 Electronic Structure Studies of Cu3BiS3; 4.3.1 Phase-Purity
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource.
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319916644
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other control number
10.1007/978-3-319-91665-1
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • on1047632950
  • (OCoLC)1047632950
Label
Electronic characterisation of earth-abundant sulphides for solar photovoltaics, Thomas James Whittles
Publication
Note
Doctoral thesis accepted by the University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Intro; Supervisor's Foreword; Abstract; Publications and Presentations; Work Done in Conjunction with Others; Acknowledgements; Contents; Abbreviations; Symbols; 1 Introduction; 1.1 Energy; 1.1.1 The Problem; 1.1.2 The Solutions; 1.1.3 The Case for Solar Energy; 1.2 Solar Photovoltaics; 1.2.1 Semiconductor Theory; 1.2.2 Photovoltaic Devices; 1.3 A Brief History of Solar Cells; 1.3.1 0th Generation: The Early Years; 1.3.2 1st Generation: Wafer-Based PV; 1.3.3 2nd Generation: Commercial Thin-Film; 1.3.4 3rd Generation: Everything Else, Dependent upon Research Interests
  • 1.4 Earth-Abundant Thin-Film Solar Cells1.4.1 Why Sulphides?; 1.4.2 Cu-Based Earth-Abundant Post-transition Metal Sulphides; 1.5 Efficiency: The Quintessential Goal of Solar Cell Research?; 1.5.1 Standards; 1.5.2 Record Efficiencies; 1.5.3 A Few Words on Deployment; 1.6 Characterisation of Solar Cells; 1.6.1 Usual Techniques; 1.6.2 The Importance of Electronic Characterisation; 1.7 Overview of the Thesis; 1.7.1 Structure; 1.7.2 Aims; References; 2 Experimental Methods; 2.1 Material Growth Methods; 2.1.1 Single Crystal Growth Methods; 2.1.2 Thin-Film Growth Methods; 2.2 Ultrahigh Vacuum
  • 2.2.1 The Necessity for Vacuum2.2.2 Achieving UHV; 2.2.3 A 3-Chamber Surface Science System; 2.2.4 A Single-Chamber Electronic Characterisation System; 2.3 Photoemission Spectroscopy; 2.3.1 Principles and Theory; 2.3.2 Operation and Implementation; 2.3.3 Spectrometer Calibrations; 2.3.4 Spectral Analysis; 2.4 Density Functional Theory; 2.4.1 Introduction; 2.4.2 Implementation; 2.5 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy; 2.5.1 Principles and Theory; 2.5.2 Operation and Implementation; 2.6 X-Ray Diffraction; 2.6.1 Principles and Theory; 2.6.2 Operation and Implementation
  • 2.7 Raman Spectroscopy2.7.1 Principles and Theory; 2.7.2 Operation and Implementation; 2.8 Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy; 2.9 Summary; References; 3 The Electronic Structure of CuSbS2 for Use as a PV Absorber; 3.1 CuSbS2: The Material; 3.1.1 History; 3.1.2 CuSbS2 as a Solar Absorber; 3.1.3 Structure; 3.1.4 Motivation and Scope of This Study; 3.2 Experimental Details; 3.2.1 Growth of CuSbS2 Films; 3.2.2 Characterisation of CuSbS2 Films; 3.3 Electronic Structure Studies of High-Quality CuSbS2 Films; 3.3.1 Phase-Purity; 3.3.2 XPS Core-Level Analysis; 3.3.3 Natural Band Alignments
  • 3.3.4 Density of States Analysis3.4 Further Effects of Contamination and the Thermal Treatment of CuSbS2; 3.4.1 The Effects of Contamination; 3.4.2 The Effects of the Thermal Treatment; 3.5 Summary; References; 4 The Electronic Structure of Cu3BiS3 for Use as a PV Absorber; 4.1 Cu3BiS3: The Material; 4.1.1 History and Uses; 4.1.2 Cu3BiS3 as a Solar Absorber; 4.1.3 Structure; 4.1.4 Motivation and Scope of This Study; 4.2 Experimental Details; 4.2.1 Growth of Cu3BiS3 Films; 4.2.2 Characterisation of Cu3BiS3; 4.3 Electronic Structure Studies of Cu3BiS3; 4.3.1 Phase-Purity
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource.
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319916644
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other control number
10.1007/978-3-319-91665-1
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • on1047632950
  • (OCoLC)1047632950

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