Coverart for item
The Resource Trade and the Labor Market : Effect on Wage Inequality in Japan, (electronic resource)

Trade and the Labor Market : Effect on Wage Inequality in Japan, (electronic resource)

Label
Trade and the Labor Market : Effect on Wage Inequality in Japan
Title
Trade and the Labor Market
Title remainder
Effect on Wage Inequality in Japan
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
This book presents an integrated overview and evidence, taking Japan as an example, on how international trade, especially with developing countries, affects labor market in developed countries, which has been keenly debated among international and labor economists since the late 1980s. The unique point of this book is that it integrates international trade and labor market into the same framework. The analysis includes both theory and empirical study. It especially pays attention to wage inequality between skilled and unskilled labor represented by nonproduction and production workers, and college graduates and high-school graduates. The estimation method used is to analyze input-output tables containing 55 manufacturing industries during the period 1995-2005, and to measure factor content of trade using these tables. Main results are as follows: First, both relative wage and relative employment of nonproduction to production workers, and college graduates to high-school graduates increased as a trend since the 1980s, suggesting a relative demand shift toward skilled labor. Second, analysis using input-output tables revealed that employment reduction due to increased imports is greater in production workers than in nonproduction workers, and that employment increase due to increased exports is greater in nonproduction workers than in production workers, suggesting the comparative advantage being at work in line with the Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson model. Third, analysis using factor content of trade revealed that increased trade during 1995-2005 especially with Asian countries raised the relative wage of nonproduction to production workers in the aggregated manufacturing sector by 0.023 points (1.400 to 1.422), or by 1.6 percent in terms of rate of change. This estimation result suggests that increased trade in this period played a certain role in widening wage inequality between nonproduction to production workers. These results contribute to a deeper understanding of the effect of globalization on labor market in the field of economics.
Member of
Cataloging source
YDX
Dewey number
  • 339.2/0952
  • 330
Index
no index present
LC call number
  • HC465.I53
  • HB71-74
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Income distribution
  • Japan
Label
Trade and the Labor Market : Effect on Wage Inequality in Japan, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Acknowledgements; Contents; About the Editor; 1 Introduction; Abstract; 1.1 Motivation; 1.2 Objective of the Book; 1.3 Related Studies in Japan; 1.4 Outline of the Book; References; 2 Basic Facts; Abstract; 2.1 Wage Inequality Trends in Japanese Manufacturing; 2.1.1 Wage Inequality by Occupation; 2.1.2 Wage Inequality by Education; 2.2 Supply-Demand Framework; 2.3 Recent Changes in Japan's Trade Structure; References; 3 Effect of Trade on Employment; Abstract; 3.1 The Model; 3.2 Estimation Results; 3.2.1 Changes in Export and Import Ratios; 3.2.2 Estimation Results
  • 3.3 Non-neutral Effect of Trade on EmploymentReferences; 4 Effect of Trade on Wages; Abstract; 4.1 Objective; 4.2 The Model; 4.3 Estimation Results; 4.3.1 Data and Estimation Method; 4.3.2 Change in Factor Content of Trade; 4.4 Effect of Factor Content of Trade on Relative Wages; 4.4.1 Effect on Relative Wages of Nonproduction Workers; 4.4.2 Effect on Relative Wages of College Graduates to High School Graduates; References; 5 Concluding Remarks; Abstract; 5.1 Summary of the Study; 5.2 Remaining Issues; References
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource.
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789811059926
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
on1003197687
Label
Trade and the Labor Market : Effect on Wage Inequality in Japan, (electronic resource)
Publication
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Acknowledgements; Contents; About the Editor; 1 Introduction; Abstract; 1.1 Motivation; 1.2 Objective of the Book; 1.3 Related Studies in Japan; 1.4 Outline of the Book; References; 2 Basic Facts; Abstract; 2.1 Wage Inequality Trends in Japanese Manufacturing; 2.1.1 Wage Inequality by Occupation; 2.1.2 Wage Inequality by Education; 2.2 Supply-Demand Framework; 2.3 Recent Changes in Japan's Trade Structure; References; 3 Effect of Trade on Employment; Abstract; 3.1 The Model; 3.2 Estimation Results; 3.2.1 Changes in Export and Import Ratios; 3.2.2 Estimation Results
  • 3.3 Non-neutral Effect of Trade on EmploymentReferences; 4 Effect of Trade on Wages; Abstract; 4.1 Objective; 4.2 The Model; 4.3 Estimation Results; 4.3.1 Data and Estimation Method; 4.3.2 Change in Factor Content of Trade; 4.4 Effect of Factor Content of Trade on Relative Wages; 4.4.1 Effect on Relative Wages of Nonproduction Workers; 4.4.2 Effect on Relative Wages of College Graduates to High School Graduates; References; 5 Concluding Remarks; Abstract; 5.1 Summary of the Study; 5.2 Remaining Issues; References
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource.
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789811059926
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
on1003197687

Library Locations

Processing Feedback ...