Coverart for item
The Resource Understanding Delta-Sigma Data Converters, Shanthi Pavan, (electronic book)

Understanding Delta-Sigma Data Converters, Shanthi Pavan, (electronic book)

Label
Understanding Delta-Sigma Data Converters
Title
Understanding Delta-Sigma Data Converters
Statement of responsibility
Shanthi Pavan
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Member of
Cataloging source
IDEBK
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1973-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Pavan, Shanthi
Dewey number
621.3815322
Index
no index present
LC call number
TK7887.6
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Schreier, Richard
  • Temes, Gabor C
Series statement
IEEE Press series on microelectronic systems
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Analog-to-digital converters
  • Digital-to-analog converters
  • Modulators (Electronics)
Label
Understanding Delta-Sigma Data Converters, Shanthi Pavan, (electronic book)
Instantiates
Publication
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface xiii -- 1 The Magic of Delta-Sigma Modulation 1 -- 1.1 The Need for Oversampling Converters 1 -- 1.2 Nyquist and Oversampling Conversion by Example 3 -- 1.3 Higher-Order Single-Stage Noise-Shaping Modulators 11 -- 1.4 Multi-Stage and Multi-Quantizer Delta-Sigma Modulators 12 -- 1.5 Mismatch Shaping in Multi-Bit Delta-Sigma Modulators 14 -- 1.6 Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulation 15 -- 1.7 Bandpass Delta-Sigma Modulators 17 -- 1.8 Incremental Delta-Sigma Converters 18 -- 1.9 Delta-Sigma Digital-to-Analog Converters 18 -- 1.10 Decimation and Interpolation 19 -- 1.11 Specifications and Figures of Merit 19 -- 1.12 Early History, Performance, and Architectural Trends 21 -- References 25 -- 2 Sampling, Oversampling, and Noise-Shaping 27 -- 2.1 A Review of Sampling 28 -- 2.2 Quantization 30 -- 2.3 Quantization Noise Reduction by Oversampling 39 -- 2.4 Noise-Shaping 42 -- 2.5 Nonlinear Aspects of the First-Order Delta-Sigma Modulator 52 -- 2.6 MOD1 with DC Excitation 54 -- 2.7 Alternative Architectures: The Error-Feedback Structure 60 -- 2.8 The Road Ahead 60 -- References 61 -- 3 Second-Order Delta-Sigma Modulation 63 -- 3.1 Simulation of MOD2 67 -- 3.2 Nonlinear Effects in MOD2 70 -- 3.3 Stability of MOD2 73 -- 3.4 Alternative Second-Order Modulator Structures 77 -- 3.5 Generalized Second-Order Structures 80 -- 3.6 Conclusions 82 -- References 82 -- 4 High-Order Delta-Sigma Modulators 83 -- 4.1 Signal-Dependent Stability of Delta-Sigma Modulators 85 -- 4.2 Improving MSA in High-Order Delta-Sigma Converters 92 -- 4.3 Systematic NTF Design 95 -- 4.4 Noise Transfer Functions with Optimally Spread Zeros 97 -- 4.5 Fundamental Aspects of Noise Transfer Functions 98 -- 4.6 High-Order Single-Bit Delta-Sigma Data Converters 100 -- 4.7 Loop Filter Topologies for Discrete-Time Delta-Sigma Converters 104 -- 4.8 State-Space Description of Delta-Sigma Loops 114 -- 4.9 Conclusions 115 -- References 115 -- 5 Multi-Stage and Multi-Quantizer Delta-Sigma Modulators 117 -- 5.1 Multi-Stage Modulators 117
  • 5.2 Cascade (MASH) Modulators 120 -- 5.3 Noise Leakage in Cascade Modulators 123 -- 5.4 The Sturdy-MASH Architecture 126 -- 5.5 Noise-Coupled Architectures 128 -- 5.6 Cross-Coupled Architectures 131 -- 5.7 Conclusions 131 -- References 133 -- 6 Mismatch-Shaping 135 -- 6.1 The Mismatch Problem 135 -- 6.2 Random Selection and Rotation 136 -- 6.3 Implementation of Rotation 141 -- 6.4 Alternative Mismatch-Shaping Topologies 145 -- 6.5 High-Order Mismatch-Shaping 151 -- 6.6 Generalizations 156 -- 6.7 Transition-Error Shaping 158 -- 6.8 Conclusions 162 -- References 162 -- 7 Circuit Design for Discrete-Time Delta-Sigma ADCs 165 -- 7.1 SCMOD2: A Second-Order Switched-Capacitor ADC 165 -- 7.2 High-Level Design 166 -- 7.3 Switched-Capacitor Integrator 168 -- 7.4 Capacitor Sizing 174 -- 7.5 Initial Verification 176 -- 7.6 Amplifier Design 178 -- 7.7 Intermediate Verification 186 -- 7.8 Switch Design 191 -- 7.9 Comparator Design 191 -- 7.10 Clocking 195 -- 7.11 Full-System Verification 197 -- 7.12 High-Order Modulators 201 -- 7.13 Multi-Bit Quantization 203 -- 7.14 Switch Design Revisited 207 -- 7.15 Double Sampling 209 -- 7.16 Gain-Boosting and Gain-Squaring 211 -- 7.17 Split-Steering and Amplifier Stacking 212 -- 7.18 Noise in Switched-Capacitor Circuits 217 -- 7.19 Conclusions 221 -- References 221 -- 8 Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulation 223 -- 8.1 CT-MOD1 224 -- 8.2 STF of CT-MOD1 230 -- 8.3 Second-Order Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulation 234 -- 8.4 High-Order Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 239 -- 8.5 Loop-Filter Topologies 246 -- 8.6 Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators with Complex NTF Zeros 249 -- 8.7 Modeling of Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators for Simulation 250 -- 8.8 Dynamic-Range Scaling 253 -- 8.9 Design Example 255 -- 8.10 Conclusions 258 -- References 258 -- 9 Nonidealities in Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 259 -- 9.1 Excess Loop Delay 259 -- 9.2 Time-Constant Variations of the Loop Filter 271 -- 9.3 Clock Jitter in Delta-Sigma Modulators 273
  • 9.4 Addressing Clock Jitter in Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 285 -- 9.5 Mitigating Clock Jitter Using FIR Feedback 287 -- 9.6 Comparator Metastability 293 -- 9.7 Conclusions 298 -- References 298 -- 10 Circuit Design for Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 301 -- 10.1 Integrators 302 -- 10.2 The Miller-Compensated OTA-RC Integrator 305 -- 10.3 The Feedforward-Compensated OTA-RC Integrator 306 -- 10.4 Stability of Feedforward Amplifiers 309 -- 10.5 Device Noise in Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 312 -- 10.6 ADC Design 316 -- 10.7 Feedback DAC Design 320 -- 10.8 Systematic Design Centering 331 -- 10.9 Loop-Filter Nonlinearities in Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 338 -- 10.10 Case Study of a 16-Bit Audio Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulator346 -- 10.11 Measurement Results 358 -- 10.12 Summary 359 -- References 360 -- 11 Bandpass and Quadrature Delta-Sigma Modulation 363 -- 11.1 The Need for Bandpass Conversion 363 -- 11.2 System Overview 366 -- 11.3 Bandpass NTFs 367 -- 11.4 Architectures for Bandpass Delta-Sigma Modulators 372 -- 11.5 Bandpass Modulator Example 380 -- 11.6 Quadrature Signals 391 -- 11.7 Quadrature Modulation 396 -- 11.8 Polyphase Signal Processing 402 -- 11.9 Conclusions 404 -- References 405 -- 12 Incremental Analog-to-Digital Converters 407 -- 12.1 Motivation and Trade-Offs 407 -- 12.2 Analysis and Design of Single-Stage IADCs 408 -- 12.3 Digital Filter Design for Single-Stage IADCs 411 -- 12.4 Multiple-Stage IADCs and Extended Counting ADCs 415 -- 12.5 IADC Design Examples 416 -- 12.6 Conclusions 422 -- References 423 -- 13 Delta-Sigma DACs 425 -- 13.1 System Architectures for Delta-Sigma DACs 425 -- 13.2 Loop Configurations for Delta-Sigma DACs 427 -- 13.3 Delta-Sigma DACs Using Multi-Bit Internal DACs 431 -- 13.4 Interpolation Filtering for Delta-Sigma DACs 438 -- 13.5 Analog Post-Filters for Delta-Sigma DACs 441 -- 13.6 Conclusions 449 -- References 449 -- 14 Interpolation and Decimation Filters 451 -- 14.1 Interpolation Filtering 452
  • 14.2 Example Interpolation Filter 456 -- 14.3 Decimation Filtering 461 -- 14.4 Example Decimation Filter 463 -- 14.5 Halfband Filters 467 -- 14.5.1 Saramäki Halfband Filter 469 -- 14.6 Decimation for Bandpass Delta-Sigma ADCs 471 -- 14.7 Fractional Rate Conversion 472 -- 14.8 Summary 480 -- References 480 -- A Spectral Estimation 483 -- A.1 Windowing 484 -- A.2 Scaling and Noise Bandwidth 488 -- A.3 Averaging 491 -- A.4 An Example 493 -- A.5 Mathematical Background 495 -- References 498 -- B The Delta-Sigma Toolbox 499 -- C Linear Periodically Time-Varying Systems 539 -- C.1 Linearity and Time (In)variance 539 -- C.2 Linear Time-Varying Systems 541 -- C.3 Linear Periodically Time-Varying (LPTV) Systems 543 -- C.4 LPTV Systems with Sampled Outputs 547 -- References 559 -- Index 561
Extent
1 online resource.
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781119258285
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
Label
Understanding Delta-Sigma Data Converters, Shanthi Pavan, (electronic book)
Publication
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface xiii -- 1 The Magic of Delta-Sigma Modulation 1 -- 1.1 The Need for Oversampling Converters 1 -- 1.2 Nyquist and Oversampling Conversion by Example 3 -- 1.3 Higher-Order Single-Stage Noise-Shaping Modulators 11 -- 1.4 Multi-Stage and Multi-Quantizer Delta-Sigma Modulators 12 -- 1.5 Mismatch Shaping in Multi-Bit Delta-Sigma Modulators 14 -- 1.6 Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulation 15 -- 1.7 Bandpass Delta-Sigma Modulators 17 -- 1.8 Incremental Delta-Sigma Converters 18 -- 1.9 Delta-Sigma Digital-to-Analog Converters 18 -- 1.10 Decimation and Interpolation 19 -- 1.11 Specifications and Figures of Merit 19 -- 1.12 Early History, Performance, and Architectural Trends 21 -- References 25 -- 2 Sampling, Oversampling, and Noise-Shaping 27 -- 2.1 A Review of Sampling 28 -- 2.2 Quantization 30 -- 2.3 Quantization Noise Reduction by Oversampling 39 -- 2.4 Noise-Shaping 42 -- 2.5 Nonlinear Aspects of the First-Order Delta-Sigma Modulator 52 -- 2.6 MOD1 with DC Excitation 54 -- 2.7 Alternative Architectures: The Error-Feedback Structure 60 -- 2.8 The Road Ahead 60 -- References 61 -- 3 Second-Order Delta-Sigma Modulation 63 -- 3.1 Simulation of MOD2 67 -- 3.2 Nonlinear Effects in MOD2 70 -- 3.3 Stability of MOD2 73 -- 3.4 Alternative Second-Order Modulator Structures 77 -- 3.5 Generalized Second-Order Structures 80 -- 3.6 Conclusions 82 -- References 82 -- 4 High-Order Delta-Sigma Modulators 83 -- 4.1 Signal-Dependent Stability of Delta-Sigma Modulators 85 -- 4.2 Improving MSA in High-Order Delta-Sigma Converters 92 -- 4.3 Systematic NTF Design 95 -- 4.4 Noise Transfer Functions with Optimally Spread Zeros 97 -- 4.5 Fundamental Aspects of Noise Transfer Functions 98 -- 4.6 High-Order Single-Bit Delta-Sigma Data Converters 100 -- 4.7 Loop Filter Topologies for Discrete-Time Delta-Sigma Converters 104 -- 4.8 State-Space Description of Delta-Sigma Loops 114 -- 4.9 Conclusions 115 -- References 115 -- 5 Multi-Stage and Multi-Quantizer Delta-Sigma Modulators 117 -- 5.1 Multi-Stage Modulators 117
  • 5.2 Cascade (MASH) Modulators 120 -- 5.3 Noise Leakage in Cascade Modulators 123 -- 5.4 The Sturdy-MASH Architecture 126 -- 5.5 Noise-Coupled Architectures 128 -- 5.6 Cross-Coupled Architectures 131 -- 5.7 Conclusions 131 -- References 133 -- 6 Mismatch-Shaping 135 -- 6.1 The Mismatch Problem 135 -- 6.2 Random Selection and Rotation 136 -- 6.3 Implementation of Rotation 141 -- 6.4 Alternative Mismatch-Shaping Topologies 145 -- 6.5 High-Order Mismatch-Shaping 151 -- 6.6 Generalizations 156 -- 6.7 Transition-Error Shaping 158 -- 6.8 Conclusions 162 -- References 162 -- 7 Circuit Design for Discrete-Time Delta-Sigma ADCs 165 -- 7.1 SCMOD2: A Second-Order Switched-Capacitor ADC 165 -- 7.2 High-Level Design 166 -- 7.3 Switched-Capacitor Integrator 168 -- 7.4 Capacitor Sizing 174 -- 7.5 Initial Verification 176 -- 7.6 Amplifier Design 178 -- 7.7 Intermediate Verification 186 -- 7.8 Switch Design 191 -- 7.9 Comparator Design 191 -- 7.10 Clocking 195 -- 7.11 Full-System Verification 197 -- 7.12 High-Order Modulators 201 -- 7.13 Multi-Bit Quantization 203 -- 7.14 Switch Design Revisited 207 -- 7.15 Double Sampling 209 -- 7.16 Gain-Boosting and Gain-Squaring 211 -- 7.17 Split-Steering and Amplifier Stacking 212 -- 7.18 Noise in Switched-Capacitor Circuits 217 -- 7.19 Conclusions 221 -- References 221 -- 8 Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulation 223 -- 8.1 CT-MOD1 224 -- 8.2 STF of CT-MOD1 230 -- 8.3 Second-Order Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulation 234 -- 8.4 High-Order Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 239 -- 8.5 Loop-Filter Topologies 246 -- 8.6 Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators with Complex NTF Zeros 249 -- 8.7 Modeling of Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators for Simulation 250 -- 8.8 Dynamic-Range Scaling 253 -- 8.9 Design Example 255 -- 8.10 Conclusions 258 -- References 258 -- 9 Nonidealities in Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 259 -- 9.1 Excess Loop Delay 259 -- 9.2 Time-Constant Variations of the Loop Filter 271 -- 9.3 Clock Jitter in Delta-Sigma Modulators 273
  • 9.4 Addressing Clock Jitter in Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 285 -- 9.5 Mitigating Clock Jitter Using FIR Feedback 287 -- 9.6 Comparator Metastability 293 -- 9.7 Conclusions 298 -- References 298 -- 10 Circuit Design for Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 301 -- 10.1 Integrators 302 -- 10.2 The Miller-Compensated OTA-RC Integrator 305 -- 10.3 The Feedforward-Compensated OTA-RC Integrator 306 -- 10.4 Stability of Feedforward Amplifiers 309 -- 10.5 Device Noise in Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 312 -- 10.6 ADC Design 316 -- 10.7 Feedback DAC Design 320 -- 10.8 Systematic Design Centering 331 -- 10.9 Loop-Filter Nonlinearities in Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators 338 -- 10.10 Case Study of a 16-Bit Audio Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulator346 -- 10.11 Measurement Results 358 -- 10.12 Summary 359 -- References 360 -- 11 Bandpass and Quadrature Delta-Sigma Modulation 363 -- 11.1 The Need for Bandpass Conversion 363 -- 11.2 System Overview 366 -- 11.3 Bandpass NTFs 367 -- 11.4 Architectures for Bandpass Delta-Sigma Modulators 372 -- 11.5 Bandpass Modulator Example 380 -- 11.6 Quadrature Signals 391 -- 11.7 Quadrature Modulation 396 -- 11.8 Polyphase Signal Processing 402 -- 11.9 Conclusions 404 -- References 405 -- 12 Incremental Analog-to-Digital Converters 407 -- 12.1 Motivation and Trade-Offs 407 -- 12.2 Analysis and Design of Single-Stage IADCs 408 -- 12.3 Digital Filter Design for Single-Stage IADCs 411 -- 12.4 Multiple-Stage IADCs and Extended Counting ADCs 415 -- 12.5 IADC Design Examples 416 -- 12.6 Conclusions 422 -- References 423 -- 13 Delta-Sigma DACs 425 -- 13.1 System Architectures for Delta-Sigma DACs 425 -- 13.2 Loop Configurations for Delta-Sigma DACs 427 -- 13.3 Delta-Sigma DACs Using Multi-Bit Internal DACs 431 -- 13.4 Interpolation Filtering for Delta-Sigma DACs 438 -- 13.5 Analog Post-Filters for Delta-Sigma DACs 441 -- 13.6 Conclusions 449 -- References 449 -- 14 Interpolation and Decimation Filters 451 -- 14.1 Interpolation Filtering 452
  • 14.2 Example Interpolation Filter 456 -- 14.3 Decimation Filtering 461 -- 14.4 Example Decimation Filter 463 -- 14.5 Halfband Filters 467 -- 14.5.1 Saramäki Halfband Filter 469 -- 14.6 Decimation for Bandpass Delta-Sigma ADCs 471 -- 14.7 Fractional Rate Conversion 472 -- 14.8 Summary 480 -- References 480 -- A Spectral Estimation 483 -- A.1 Windowing 484 -- A.2 Scaling and Noise Bandwidth 488 -- A.3 Averaging 491 -- A.4 An Example 493 -- A.5 Mathematical Background 495 -- References 498 -- B The Delta-Sigma Toolbox 499 -- C Linear Periodically Time-Varying Systems 539 -- C.1 Linearity and Time (In)variance 539 -- C.2 Linear Time-Varying Systems 541 -- C.3 Linear Periodically Time-Varying (LPTV) Systems 543 -- C.4 LPTV Systems with Sampled Outputs 547 -- References 559 -- Index 561
Extent
1 online resource.
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781119258285
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote

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